Addressing Infrastructure Financing GAP in Indonesia : Role of Financial Sector
The Indonesia’s Medium-Term National Development Planning (RPJMN) formulated by the Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas) stated that in order to achieve high economic growth in the medium term, Indonesia is expected to increase investment, especially from private sector. This paper aims to explore the challenges and issues in increasing private investment via financial sector. This paper found that challenges and issues especially lies in the availability of long term investment to mobilize to infrastructure project. Therefore it argues that Indonesia needs to develop a comprehensive strategy to match the supply and demand of long term funds, including what instrument will best mobilize the long term funds to infrastructure. Institutional Investors and State-Owned Enterprises (SOE) will play a strategic role in conducting this process. The paper also develops argument of why an innovation is needed on the instrument development by introducing asset securitization scheme.