Dampak Moratorium Hutan Terhadap Ekonomi Indonesia : Analisis Menggunakan Model IRSA-Indonesia 5

Rakhmindyarto Rakhmindyarto
| Abstract views: 235 | views: 196


This paper discusses the economic effects of the forest moratorium policy which has been launched by the government through the Presidential Decree no. 10 of 2011 dated 20th of May 2011. The issues addressed in the paper are the impacts on: land uses and natural forest area, carbon emissions, domestic prices, export-import, GDP, and poverty rate. Using the quantitative method of IRSA-Indonesia 5 - an inter-regional CGE model, the results show that the forest moratorium policy has both positive and negative impacts on Indonesia's economy.

Full Text:



Abimanyu, A. (2000). Impact of Agriculture Trade and Subsidy Policy on the Macroeconomy, Distribution, and Environment in Indonesia: A Strategy for Future Industrial Development. Developing Economies 38 (4), 547-571.

Aziz, 1. J. (2000). Simulating Economy-Wide Models to Capture the Transition from Financial Crisis to Social Crisis. The Annals of Regional Science 34 (2), 251-278.

Bappenas. (2010). Lampiran Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2010 tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJM) Tahun 2010-2014.

Brattskar, H. (2011). Safeguarding the World's Forest: Indonesia's Promising Future. Biores Review 5 (2), 6-7.

Bolnick, B.R. (1989). The ABCs of CGEs: Computable General Equilibrium Models for Development Planning. Harvard University: Harvard Institute for International Development.

De Melo, J. (1988). Computable General Equilibrium Models for Trade Policy Analysis in Developing Countries: A Survey. Journal of Policy Modeling 10, 469-503.

Devarajan, S and S. Robinson. (2002). The Influence of Computable General Equilibrium Models on Policy. TMD Discussion Paper no. 98, Trade and Macroeconomics Division International Food Policy Research Institute.

Hartono, D dan BP. Resosudarmo. (2004). Analisa Dampak Kebijakan Harga Energi terhadap Perekonomian dan Distribusi Pendapatan di DKI Jakarta: Aplikasi Model Komputasi Keseimbangan Umum. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia 5 (1), 83-102.

Hartono, D et. al. (2007). Regional Economic Integration and Its Impact on Growth, Poverty, and Income Distribution: the Case of Indonesia. Review of Urban and Development Studies 19 (2), 138-153.

Lewis, J. (1991). A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model of Indonesia. HIID Series of Development Discussion Papers No. 378.

Lofgren, H. et. al. (2002). A Standard Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model in GAMS. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Markusen, J. (2002). Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Mensbrugghe, D. (2005). LINKAGE Technical Reference Document. Washington DC: Development Prospects Group (DECPG) the World Bank.

Mitra-Kahn, B.H. (2008). Debunking the Myths of Computable General Equilibrium Models. SCEPA Working Paper 2008-1, Schwartz Center for Economics Policy Analysis.

Murdiyarso, D. et. al. (2004). Policy Responses to Complex Environmental Problems: Insights from a Science-Policy Activity on Transboundary Haze from Vegetation Fires in Southeast Asia. Journal of Agriculture, Ecosystems and environment 104, 47-56.

Oktaviani, R. et. al. (2007). The Impact of a Lower Oil Subsidy on Indonesia Macroeconomic Performance, Agricultural Sector and Poverty Incidences: A Recursive Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Analysis. MPIA

Working Paper 2007-98, Poverty and Economic Policy.

Pambudi, D. and AA. Parewangi. (2004). Illustrative Subsidy Variations to Attract Investors (Using the EMERALD Indonesian Multi-Regional CGE Model). Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan 7 (3), 387-436.

Petersen, T. (1997). An Introduction to CGE Modeling and an Illustrative Application to Eastern European Integration with EU. Kobenhavns Universitet, Ekonomisk Institut, Master's Thesis.

Peterson, S. (2003). CGE Models and Their Application for Climate Policy Analysis. Kiel Institute for World Economics, Germany. Preparatory Lecture, 1st International Workshop on Integrated Climate Models: An Interdisciplinary Assessment of Climate Impacts and Policies.

Presiden RI. (2011). Instruksi Presiden Nomor 10 Tahun 2011 tentang Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru dan Penyempurnaan Tata Kelola Hutan Alam Primer dan Lahan Gambut.

Ramayandi, A. et. al. ( ). Technical Note and Manual for IRSA-INDONESIA 5 version 1.0. Manuscript.

Resosudarmo, B.P. et. al. (1999). Decentralization and Income Distribution in the Inter-Regional Indonesian Economy, in Hewings, G. et. el. (eds). Advances in Spatial Sciences: Understanding and Interpreting Economic Structure.

Germany: Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

Resosudarmo, B.P. (2002). Indonesia's Clean Air Program. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies 38 (3),343-366.

Resosudarmo, B.P. et. al. (2009). Implementation of the IR-CGE Model for Planning: IRSA-INDONESIA 5 (Inter-Regional System of Analysis for Indonesia in 5 Regions). Discussion Paper #5-CGE, CSIRO.

Slette, J. dan I. E. Wiyono. (2011). Indonesia Forest Moratorium. GAIN Report USDA 2011.

Stern, N. (2007). The Economics of Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge Univerity Press. Sunderlin, WD. (1998). The Indonesian Economic Crisis Implies Immense Changes in the Forest Sector. Working Paper CIFOR, Bogor.

Warr, P. (2005). Food Policy and Poverty in Indonesia: A General Equilibrium Analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 49 (4), 429-451.

Wing, I.S. (2004). Technical Note No. 6, Computable General Equilibrium and Their Use in Economy-Wide Policy Analysis. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies and Department of Geography and Environment Boston University and Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Yusuf, AA. and B.P. Resosudarmo. (2007). On the Distributional Effect of Carbon Tax in Developing Countries: The Case of Indonesia. Papers No. EEN0706, Economics and Environment Networks, the Australian National University.

Copyright (c) 2016 Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan


  • There are currently no refbacks.